ERIC Number: EJ834882
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 110
Sexual Offenders with Learning Disabilities: Risk, Recidivism and Treatment
Craig, Leam A.; Hutchinson, Roger B.
Journal of Sexual Aggression, v11 n3 p289-304 Sep 2005
While the literature on the assessment, treatment and management of non-learning disabled sexual offenders is well established, it is only in recent years that researchers and clinicians have focused on sexual offenders with learning disabilities. In contrast to mainstream sex offender treatment programmes, there are few evaluated community-based treatment programmes for sexual offenders with learning disabilities, and of the small number of published studies that describe treatment programmes, most are based on small samples and few have been validated empirically. Sexual offenders with learning disabilities differ from their non-disabled counterparts in several important ways, having implications for management and treatment. Due to methodological differences between studies, the prevalence of sexual offending by men with learning disabilities is not clear. However, in some studies, the sexual recidivism rate of offenders with learning disabilities is 6.8 times and 3.5 times that of non-disabled sexual offenders at 2- and 4-years' follow-up, respectively. Sexual offenders with learning disabilities are also at greater risk of re-offending in a shorter time period. There remains an urgent need for further research into the assessment of risk and whether components from mainstream treatment programmes can be adapted to meet the needs of learning disabled sexual offenders. Approaches to working with sexual offenders with learning disabilities and programme development are discussed.
Descriptors: Recidivism, Sexual Abuse, Learning Disabilities, Program Effectiveness, Criminals, Risk, Therapy, Males, Incidence, Program Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A