ERIC Number: EJ834850
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Attentional Control and the Simple View of Reading
Conners, Frances A.
Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v22 n5 p591-613 May 2009
Attentional control was investigated as a possible third component of reading comprehension, along with decoding and language comprehension, within the Simple View of reading (Gough & Tunmer "RASE: Remedial and Special Education" 7:6-10, 1986; Hoover & Gough "Reading and Writing" 2:127-160, 1990). Attentional control is the ability to suppress irrelevant prepotent responses and activate relevant responses. This ability may help coordinate decoding and language comprehension during reading. In an unselected sample of 67 eight-year-olds, attentional control contributed significant variance to reading comprehension after controlling for decoding and language comprehension. Further, attentional control was similar to language comprehension in the amount of unique variance accounted for. Five contrast measures were examined (performance IQ, print exposure, articulation speed, phonemic awareness, and verbal short-term memory), but none was as good a candidate for a third component of reading comprehension as attentional control.
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Phonemic Awareness, Short Term Memory, Articulation (Education), Attention Control, Decoding (Reading), Measures (Individuals), Intelligence Quotient
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A