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ERIC Number: EJ834744
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-May
Pages: 30
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1524-8372
When Seeing Is Not Believing: Two-Year-Olds' Use of Video Representations to Find a Hidden Toy
Deocampo, Joanne Agayoff; Hudson, Judith A.
Journal of Cognition and Development, v6 n2 p229-258 May 2005
Research on children's understanding of video has shown seeming contradictions. Fourteen-month-olds imitate actions seen on TV (Meltzoff, 1988) and 18-month-olds are reminded of an event by watching video (Sheffield & Hudson, 2003) but 24-month-olds fail at a video-mediated object-retrieval task requiring dual representational understanding (Troseth & DeLoache, 1998). Experiments 1, 2A, and 2B tested whether changes to the video object-retrieval task that require "imitation" instead of "retrieval" would make it easier. Experiment 1 compared replications of Troseth and DeLoache's (1998) "window retrieval" and "video retrieval" conditions as well as "window imitation" and "video imitation" conditions, in which children imitated the act of finding a toy, to chance performance. Twenty-four-month-olds performed worse in the imitation conditions. Follow-up experiments showed that 24-month-olds' performance improved when an imitation search task included a goal but not when a retrieval task included a goal. Children transferred success after goal-based imitation to object retrieval. Implications for dual representation and the role of competing representations in the object-retrieval task are discussed. (Contains 4 figures and 3 footnotes.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Jersey