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ERIC Number: EJ834515
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0303-8300
Assessing the Measurement and Structure of Material Hardship in the United States
Carle, Adam C.; Bauman, Kurt J.; Short, Kathleen
Social Indicators Research, v92 n1 p35-51 May 2009
Previous attempts to measure material well-being or hardship have not made clear the relationship of individual items to the broader concept of hardship. The current study used the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), a large-scale U.S. survey with a large number of questions on the material circumstances of households to create a measurement model of hardship that takes this relationship into account. A higher-order model with five-first-order factors: consumer durables, resources available to meet needs, housing conditions, neighborhood problems and crime, and community services, and a single second-order factor "hardship" fit the data well, with the "Housing" and "Neighborhood" first-order factors most strongly related to the higher-order hardship construct. Desppove te our attempts to tie the hardship measures to objective conditions, subjective evaluations were strongly related to most of the factors.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States