ERIC Number: EJ834494
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
The Happenstance Learning Theory
Krumboltz, John D.
Journal of Career Assessment, v17 n2 p135-154 2009
What-you-should-be-when-you-grow-up need not and should not be planned in advance. Instead career counselors should teach their clients the importance of engaging in a variety of interesting and beneficial activities, ascertaining their reactions, remaining alert to alternative opportunities, and learning skills for succeeding in each new activity. Four propositions: (1) The goal of career counseling is to help clients learn to take actions to achieve more satisfying career and personal lives--not to make a single career decision. (2) Assessments are used to stimulate learning, not to match personal characteristics with occupational characteristics. (3) Clients learn to engage in exploratory actions as a way of generating beneficial unplanned events. (4) The success of counseling is assessed by what the client accomplishes in the real world outside the counseling session.
Descriptors: Career Counseling, Counselor Client Relationship, Learning Theories, Career Exploration, Career Development, Learning Experience, Influences, Educational Objectives, Counseling Objectives
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A