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ERIC Number: EJ834317
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
Age Differences in Recollection: Specificity Effects at Retrieval
Luo, Lin; Craik, Fergus I. M.
Journal of Memory and Language, v60 n4 p421-436 May 2009
Three experiments were conducted to examine the effect of specificity at retrieval on the size of age differences in recollection. Participants encoded words in different contexts and were given recognition tests. Some of the test lists were constructed so that participants had to recollect specific aspects of the initial encoding events, whereas other test lists required participants to recollect only general aspects. Older adults showed reduced levels of recollection relative to younger adults for the high specificity tests, but not for the low specificity tests (Experiment 1). Encoding manipulations improved (Experiment 2) or reduced (Experiment 3) recollection levels but the effects did not interact with the specificity effect, whereas dividing attention (DA) at retrieval (Experiment 3) in younger adults resembled the effect of aging. The results suggest that older adults have greater difficulties in carrying out controlled retrieval processes to access specific information compared to their younger counterparts. (Contains 4 figures and 5 tables.)
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: usjcs@elsevier.com; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A