ERIC Number: EJ833763
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The Role of Mothers' and Adolescents' Perceptions of Ethnic-Racial Socialization in Shaping Ethnic-Racial Identity among Early Adolescent Boys and Girls
Hughes, Diane; Hagelskamp, Carolin; Way, Niobe; Foust, Monica D.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v38 n5 p605-626 May 2009
The current study examined relationships between adolescents' and mothers' reports of ethnic-racial socialization and adolescents' ethnic-racial identity. The sample included 170 sixth graders (49% boys, 51% girls) and their mothers, all of whom identified as Black, Puerto Rican, Dominican, or Chinese. Two dimensions of ethnic-racial socialization (cultural socialization and preparation for bias) were evaluated alongside three dimensions of ethnic-racial identity (exploration, affirmation and belonging, and behavioral engagement). Mothers' reports of their cultural socialization predicted adolescents' reports, but only adolescents' reports predicted adolescents' ethnic-racial identity processes. Mothers' reports of preparation for bias predicted boys' but not girls' reports of preparation for bias. Again, only adolescents' reports of preparation for bias predicted their ethnic-racial identity. Thus, several gender differences in relationships emerged, with mothers' and adolescents' perceptions of cultural socialization, in particular, playing a more important role in girls' than in boys' identity processes. We discuss the implications of these findings for future research.
Descriptors: Adolescent Development, Socialization, Mothers, Racial Identification, Early Adolescents, Grade 6, Attitude Measures, Racial Factors, Ethnicity, African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Chinese Americans, Cultural Influences, Parent Influence, Gender Differences, Racial Bias, Predictor Variables
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 6
Authoring Institution: N/A