ERIC Number: EJ833741
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Physiological Regulation of Stress in Referred Adolescents: The Role of the Parent-Adolescent Relationship
Willemen, Agnes M.; Schuengel, Carlo; Koot, Hans M.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v50 n4 p482-490 Apr 2009
Background: Psychopathology in youth appears to be linked to deficits in regulating affective responses to stressful situations. In children, high-quality parental support facilitates affect regulation. However, in adolescence, the role of parent-child interaction in the regulation of affect is unclear. This study examined physiological reactivity to and recovery from stress in adolescents at risk for psychopathology, and their associations with internalising and externalising problems and parent-adolescent interactions. Methods: A total of 99 adolescents (M = 13.57 years, SD = 1.83) with a history of mental health problems underwent the Alarm Stress Task and were reunited with their primary caregiver after the stressor, while the physiological responses of the parasympathetic (respiratory sinus arrhythmia) and sympathetic (pre-ejection period) systems were measured. The quality of parent-adolescent interaction was determined from observations of secure-base seeking and providing during the task. Affect regulation was measured as physiological reactivity and recovery after the stressor. Results: Adolescents with high levels of externalising problems and low levels of secure-base support showed weaker parasympathetic reactivity and recovery. Higher level of adolescent secure-base seeking was associated with stronger sympathetic reactivity and recovery. Conclusions: Secure-base interactions between parents and adolescents facilitate physiological regulation of stress, especially for adolescents with externalising symptomatology.
Descriptors: Parent Role, Psychopathology, Adolescents, Interaction, Stress Management, Stress Variables, Parent Child Relationship, Affective Behavior, Parent Influence, Physiology, At Risk Persons, Correlation, Behavior Problems, Mental Disorders, Human Body
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A