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ERIC Number: EJ833447
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0278-095X
The Short-Term Effectiveness of a Suicide Prevention Gatekeeper Training Program in a College Setting with Residence Life Advisers
Tompkins, Tanya L.; Witt, Jody
Journal of Primary Prevention, v30 n2 p131-149 Mar 2009
Although the college years prove to be a vulnerable time for students and a critical period for suicide prevention, few school-based prevention strategies have been empirically evaluated. The current study examined the short-term effects of Question, Persuade, and Refer (QPR), a gatekeeper training program that teaches how to recognize warning signs, question suicidal intent, listen to problems, and refer for help. One hundred twenty-two residence advisers (RAs) who were trained in QPR demonstrated significant post-training gains across a variety of domains relevant to suicide and suicide prevention, with 60 who completed the follow-up assessment showing sustained knowledge and appraisals into the following semester. Although these gains were generally more substantial for RAs trained in QPR, 86 controls who completed both baseline and follow-up assessments also demonstrated changes in appraisals relevant to suicide and suicide prevention, despite having not received QPR training. Editors' Strategic Implications: This study provides some promising evidence on gatekeeper training for RAs in terms of suicide prevention knowledge and attitudes. As the authors note, replication, rigorous evaluation, and studies of systemic efforts and behavioral outcomes are needed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A