ERIC Number: EJ833405
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
How Are Traits Related to Problem Behavior in Preschoolers? Similarities and Contrasts between Temperament and Personality
De Pauw, Sarah S. W.; Mervielde, Ivan; Van Leeuwen, Karla G.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v37 n3 p309-325 Apr 2009
The lack of empirical research relating temperament models and personality hinders conceptual integration and holds back research linking childhood traits to problem behavior or maladjustment. This study evaluates, within a sample of 443 preschoolers, the relationships between children's maladaptation and traits measured by three temperament models (Thomas and Chess, Buss and Plomin, and Rothbart), and a Five-Factor based personality model. Adequate reliabilities and expected factor structures are demonstrated for most scales. A joint principal component analysis combining 28 temperament and 18 personality scales indicates a six-factor model, distinguishing Sociability, Activity, Conscientiousness, Disagreeableness, Emotionality, and Sensitivity. Regression analyses reveal that although single temperament and personality scales explain from 23% to 37% of problem behavior variance, the six components explain from 41% to 49% and provide a clearer differentiation among CBCL-problem scales. This age-specific taxonomy refines and corroborates conclusions based on narrative reviews and furnishes a more balanced view of trait-maladjustment relationships.
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Personality, Adjustment (to Environment), Models, Reliability, Factor Analysis, Preschool Children, Child Psychology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A