ERIC Number: EJ833402
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
A Quasi-Experimental Analysis of the Association between Family Income and Offspring Conduct Problems
D'Onofrio, Brian M.; Goodnight, Jackson A.; Van Hulle, Carol A.; Rodgers, Joseph Lee; Rathouz, Paul J.; Waldman, Irwin D.; Lahey, Benjamin B.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v37 n3 p415-429 Apr 2009
The study presents a quasi-experimental analysis of data on 9,194 offspring (ages 4-11 years old) of women from a nationally representative U.S. sample of households to test the causal hypotheses about the association between family income and childhood conduct problems (CPs). Comparison of unrelated individuals in the sample indicated a robust inverse association, with the relation being larger at higher levels of income and for male offspring, even when statistical covariates were included to account for measured confounds that distinguish different families. Offspring also were compared to their siblings and cousins who were exposed to different levels of family income in childhood to rule out unmeasured environmental and genetic factors confounded with family income as explanations for the association. In these within-family analyses, boys exposed to lower family income still exhibited significantly higher levels of CPs. When considered in the context of previous studies using different designs, these results support the inference that family income influences CPs, particularly in males, through causal environmental processes specifically related to earnings within the nuclear family.
Descriptors: Siblings, Family Income, Family (Sociological Unit), Correlation, Behavior Problems, Child Behavior, Females, Gender Differences, Genetics, Environmental Influences, Family Influence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A