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ERIC Number: EJ833392
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0023-9690
Transfer of Avoidance Responding to a Sensory Preconditioned Cue: Evidence for the Role of S-S and R-S Knowledge in Avoidance Learning
Declercq, Mieke; De Houwer, Jan
Learning and Motivation, v40 n2 p197-208 May 2009
In avoidance learning studies, a warning signal (Sd) is directly paired with an aversive unconditioned stimulus (US) unless a particular response is performed. Research by Augustson and Dougher (1997) demonstrated that not only warning signals but also stimuli that are indirectly paired with the aversive event are capable of affecting the avoidance response. In the present study, we extended these results by incorporating a sensory preconditioning paradigm in an avoidance learning procedure. Sensory preconditioning training influenced the selection of avoidance responses in the presence of warning signals that were never paired directly with the aversive events. Moreover, results suggest that the selection of the avoidance responses was based on an integration of knowledge about the relation between the Sd and the US (S-S knowledge) and knowledge about the relation between the avoidance response and the US (R-S knowledge). As the expectancy-based theory of Lovibond (2006) is the only theory of avoidance that incorporates both knowledge structures, the results provide unique support for this theory. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A