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ERIC Number: EJ833380
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Aug
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0959-4752
The Effect of Illustrations in Arithmetic Problem-Solving: Effects of Increased Cognitive Load
Berends, Inez E.; van Lieshout, Ernest C. D. M.
Learning and Instruction, v19 n4 p345-353 Aug 2009
Arithmetic word problems are often presented accompanied by illustrations. The present study examined how different types of illustrations influence the speed and accuracy of performance of both good (n = 67) and poor arithmeticians (n = 63). Twenty-four arithmetic word problems were presented with four types of illustrations with increasing information value. The results show that illustrations can have a detrimental effect on performance on arithmetic word problems, produced by irrelevant, redundant or interacting sources of information. Principles from cognitive load theory are used to explain the results, in particular in relation to (poor) working memory ability. (Contains 2 figures and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A