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ERIC Number: EJ833252
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-1932-5037
A Comparison of an Individually Tailored and a Standardized Asthma Self-Management Education
Shackelford, Judy; Bachman, Jean H.
American Journal of Health Education, v40 n1 p23-29 Jan-Feb 2009
Background: Asthma is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in the United States and can be life-threatening. There are a rising number of adults with asthma that cannot be prevented or cured but may be controlled. Self-management education is essential for long-term asthma control; however, the most effective type of education is unknown. Purpose: The study examined and compared effects of an individually tailored (n = 44) and a standardized (n = 44) asthma self-management program on adult asthma control. The individually tailored education utilized an andragogical framework. Methods: A comparative, pretest-posttest design was used. Education curricula were based on National Asthma Education Prevention Program guidelines. Asthma Control Test (ACT) and Peak Expiratory Flow readings were pre and post-test measures. Independent t-test, chi-square, and repeated measure general linear model compared groups. Results: A significant difference in ACT scores between pre and post-test (F = 4.43, p = 0.038) and a decrease in mean number episodes of shortness of breath (F =6.22, p = 0.015), regardless of asthma teaching method was found. Over 50% of participants reported not receiving previous asthma education. Physicians were the primary source of education reported. Discussion: Asthma education is needed. Both the standardized and individually tailored education may improve asthma control. Translation to Health Education Practice: Health educators must take an active role in providing asthma education based on the rising number of adults with asthma and reports of those receiving no education. Practitioners can determine the type of education based on the setting and learner needs. (Contains 3 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois; United States