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ERIC Number: EJ832234
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0008-4506
Effects of Formal Instruction and a Stay Abroad on the Acquisition of Native-Like Oral Fluency
Trenchs-Parera, Mireia
Canadian Modern Language Review, v65 n3 p365-393 Mar 2009
The study describes the effects of formal instruction (FI) and a stay abroad (SA) on the fluency displayed by 19 bilingual EFL undergraduate non-native speakers (NNSs). It includes data from 10 native speakers (NSs). The relative frequencies of seven dysfluency phenomena at three data-collection points are compared statistically, and a linear regression analysis is performed between NS and NNS data. A strategic change is revealed. After FI, learners adjust their speech to an NS pattern, but disruptions--especially self-repetitions, pauses, and non-lexical fillers--are still frequent. The SA serves to correct this somewhat while maintaining the NS-like tendency. There is a decrease in the number of phenomena that may be perceived as signs of insecurity, producing the impression of more fluent speech. These phenomena are replaced by increases in lexical fillers that may make NNS speech appear lexically richer. Both FI and SA, therefore, are shown to be positive contexts of acquisition.
University of Toronto Press. 5201 Dufferin Street, Toronto, ON M3H 5T8, Canada. Tel: 416-667-7810; Fax: 800-221-9985; Fax: 416-667-7881; e-mail: journals@utpress.utoronco.ca; Web site: http://www.utpjournals.com/cmlr/cmlr.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A