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ERIC Number: EJ832154
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Pages: 17
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 5
ISSN: ISSN-1060-9393
Orphan Children: Adjusting to Life after the Boarding Institution
Prisiazhnaia, N. V.
Russian Education and Society, v50 n12 p23-39 Dec 2008
According to official statistics, in Russia there are over 800,000 orphans and children who are deprived of parental care; 260,000 are living and being taught in more than 4,000 state boarding institutions. The category "orphan child" consists of children up to the age of eighteen, one or both of whose parents have died. The term "social orphanhood" refers to a child deprived of parental care even though his parents are alive (cases such as abandoning a child, giving him up in the maternity hospital, refusal to retrieve a child placed temporarily in a social institution or a treatment facility, parental antisocial behavior, and so on), or parents whom the courts have relieved of their parental obligations (deprivation or limitation of parental rights, inability to perform parental functions owing to illness, incompetence, whereabouts unknown, incarceration, and so on). Social orphanhood is a diverse phenomenon, and in Russian society there are a number of associated problems. This article is based on an on-site study conducted from 2004 to 2007 of residents in Moscow's Correctional Boarding School No. 80 for orphans suffering from retarded mental development, where the present author has been working for three years, as well as the study of 245 student files from 1997 to 2006. The picture of their lives after boarding school has been augmented by materials of a semistandardized interview participated in by thirty graduates of that institution (the average age was eighteen; 73 percent were male), as well as by specialists working with orphans, who served as experts (personnel of the correctional boarding school as well as centers that provide assistance to families and children in Moscow, a charitable foundation--a total of twenty-one people). This study of the lives of graduates of the Moscow Correctional Boarding School shows that despite all the state support, the orphans still suffer from a low level of adaptation in society. (Contains 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia