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ERIC Number: EJ832088
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 68
ISSN: ISSN-1609-4913
Representations in Problem Solving in Science: Directions for Practice
Solaz-Portoles, Joan Josep; Lopez, Vicent Sanjose
Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching, v8 n2 Article 4 Dec 2007
In this paper we focus on some of the findings of the science education research community in the area of representations and problem solving. Problem solving depends on the construction and manipulation of mental models (internal representations) in the mind. A large knowledge base (declarative, procedural, strategic, situational, and schematic knowledge), working memory capacity, and metacognitive skills play an important role in the construction and manipulation of mental models, and therefore in problem solving. In this point, applications of research for classroom practice is considered. Finally, external representations are discussed. Using multiple representations when solving problems is beneficial for students, representational formats of problems affect student performance, and the utilization of representational learning strategies can lead to substantial improvements in problem solving.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A