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ERIC Number: EJ831699
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Pages: 1
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1069-7446
Orff-Schulwerk with and without Orff Instruments
Perlmutter, Adam
Teaching Music, v16 n5 p48 Feb 2009
Orff-Schulwerk, or simply Orff, is an approach for teaching music to children that was developed in the early 1920s by the German composer Carl Orff (1895 1982) and his fellow composer Gunild Keetman. The Orff approach encompasses music and movement and is based on activities that come naturally to children: singing, clapping, and dancing. Orff songs and poems can be either traditional (to the country in which they're taught) or original and are typically accompanied by Orff melody instruments, including glockenspiels, xylophones, metallophones, bass bars, and others. Playing these instruments together in small groups, students learn to become sensitive listeners. While more than 10,000 music teachers in the United States use Orff, many shy away from the approach, most often because they lack the funding for the instruments. But this should not be a deterrent. According to Karen Petty, president of the New York City Chapter American Orff-Schulwerk Association, there is a lot that can be done through the Orff-Schulwerk approach to music education even without the specialized instruments associated with Orff. Language and movement, improvisation, rhythm, melody, form, and expression can all be explored without the support of the Orff instruments. That is not to say that the Orff instruments don't bring a special magic to the mix, but the philosophy can be in full effect without them. (Contains 1 figure.)
MENC: The National Association for Music Education. 1806 Robert Fulton Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-336-3768; Tel: 703-860-4000; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A