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ERIC Number: EJ831510
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
The Modality-Match Effect in Recognition Memory
Mulligan, Neil W.; Osborn, Katherine
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v35 n2 p564-571 Mar 2009
The modality-match effect in recognition refers to superior memory for words presented in the same modality at study and test. Prior research on this effect is ambiguous and inconsistent. The present study demonstrates that the modality-match effect is found when modality is rendered salient at either encoding or retrieval. Specifically, in Experiment 1, visual and auditory study trials were either randomly intermixed or presented in blocks, followed by a standard (old-new) recognition test. The modality-match effect was observed for the mixed but not the blocked condition. Experiment 2 used a modality-judgment test (requiring a seen, heard, or new judgment). The resulting measure of recognition memory exhibited the modality-match effect for both list conditions. These results imply (a) that the modality-match effect is a consistent finding when modality is salient and (b) that the effect arises at retrieval rather than encoding. (Contains 4 tables, 1 figure and 2 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A