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ERIC Number: EJ831496
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Do Recognition and Priming Index a Unitary Knowledge Base? Comment on Shanks et al. (2003)
Runger, Dennis; Nagy, Gabriel; Frensch, Peter A.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v35 n2 p572-585 Mar 2009
Whether sequence learning entails a single or multiple memory systems is a moot issue. Recently, D. R. Shanks, L. Wilkinson, and S. Channon advanced a single-system model that predicts a perfect correlation between true (i.e., error free) response time priming and recognition. The Shanks model is contrasted with a dual-process model that incorporates both response time priming and reportable sequence knowledge as predictors of recognition. The models were tested by applying confirmatory factor analysis to data obtained from a recognition test that was administered under both speed and accuracy conditions. The Shanks model accounted for the data in the speed condition, whereas the dual-process model provided a better fit in the accuracy condition. The results are compatible with the notion that cognitive processes were engaged differentially in recognition judgments under speed and accuracy conditions. (Contains 4 figures and 3 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany (Berlin)