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ERIC Number: EJ831074
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0007-0998
Hardiness Commitment, Gender, and Age Differentiate University Academic Performance
Sheard, Michael
British Journal of Educational Psychology, v79 n1 p189-204 Mar 2009
Background: The increasing diversity of students, particularly in age, attending university has seen a concomitant interest in factors predicting academic success. Aims: This 2-year correlational study examined whether age, gender (demographic variables), and hardiness (cognitive/emotional variable) differentiate and predict university final degree grade point average (GPA) and final-year dissertation mark. Sample: Data are reported from a total of 134 university undergraduate students. Method: Participants provided baseline data in questionnaires administered during the first week of their second year of undergraduate study and gave consent for their academic progress to be tracked. Final degree GPA and dissertation mark were the academic performance criteria. Results: Mature-age students achieved higher final degree GPA compared to young undergraduates. Female students significantly outperformed their male counterparts in each measured academic assessment criteria. Female students also reported a significantly higher mean score on hardiness "commitment" compared to male students. "commitment" was the most significant positive correlate of academic achievement. Final degree GPA and dissertation mark were significantly predicted by "commitment," and "commitment" and gender, respectively. Conclusions: The findings have implications for universities targeting academic support services to maximize student scholastic potential. Future research should incorporate hardiness, gender, and age with other variables known to predict academic success.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A