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ERIC Number: EJ830963
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Feb
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-1524-8372
Familiarization in Infants' Perception of Addition Problems
Clearfield, Melissa W.; Westfahl, Shannon May-Comyns
Journal of Cognition and Development, v7 n1 p27-43 Feb 2006
Previous research suggests that infants can calculate simple arithmetic (Wynn, 1992). This study sought to replicate this finding and examine how familiarization may influence response. Experiment 1 confirmed that 3- to 5-month-old infants looked longer at an incorrect outcome (1 + 1 = 1) when no familiarization trials were presented. Experiment 2 presented infants with 8 familiarization trials (either to the possible or impossible mathematical event). When familiarized to the incorrect outcome, infants looked longer at the correct outcome; however, when familiarized to the correct outcome, infants showed no preference for either display. Experiment 3 confirmed that infants could have become familiarized to both 1 and 2 dolls during the familiarization to the possible event and raised the possibility that infants may not process the display as a mathematical event, but rather as a series of unconnected stimuli. (Contains 5 figures and 1 table.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A