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ERIC Number: EJ830880
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 40
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
ISSN: ISSN-0002-8312
Sources of Middle School Students' Self-Efficacy in Mathematics: A Qualitative Investigation
Usher, Ellen L.
American Educational Research Journal, v46 n1 p275-314 2009
According to A. Bandura's (1986) social cognitive theory, individuals form their self-efficacy beliefs by interpreting information from four sources: mastery experience, vicarious experience, social persuasions, and physiological or affective states. The purpose of this study was to examine the heuristics students use as they form their mathematics self-efficacy from these and other sources. Semistructured interviews were conducted with eight middle school students who reported either high or low self-efficacy and with students' parents and mathematics teachers. Students relied on information from all four hypothesized sources, which were combined according to various heuristics. Teaching structures, course placement, and students' self-regulated learning also emerged as important factors related to self-efficacy. Results refine and extend the tenets of social cognitive theory. (Contains 2 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A