ERIC Number: EJ830775
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Perceptions of Racism and Depressive Symptoms in African American Adolescents: The Role of Perceived Academic and Social Control
Lambert, Sharon F.; Herman, Keith C.; Bynum, Mia Smith; Ialongo, Nicholas S.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v38 n4 p519-531 Apr 2009
Experiences with racism are a common occurrence for African American youth and may result in negative self perceptions relevant for the experience of depressive symptoms. This study examined the longitudinal association between perceptions of racism and depressive symptoms, and whether perceived academic or social control mediated this association, in a community epidemiologically-defined sample of urban African American adolescents (N = 500; 46.4% female). Structural equation modeling revealed that experiences with racism were associated with low perceived academic control, which in turn was associated with increased depressive symptoms. Findings suggest that experiences with racism can have long lasting effects for African American youth's depressive symptoms, and highlight the detrimental effects of experiences with racism for perceptions of control in the academic domain. Implications for intervention are discussed.
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Social Influences, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology), African American Students, Racial Bias, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Attitude Measures, Correlation, Academic Achievement, Student Attitudes, Negative Attitudes
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A