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ERIC Number: EJ830432
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-0022-2194
Language-Minority Learners in Special Education: Rates and Predictors of Identification for Services
Samson, Jennifer F.; Lesaux, Nonie K.
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v42 n2 p148-162 2009
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Kindergarten Cohort, this study was designed to investigate proportional representation, identification rates, and predictors of language-minority (LM) learners in special education using a nationally representative sample of kindergarten, first graders, and third graders. The findings indicate that although LM learners were underrepresented in special education in kindergarten and first grade, they were overrepresented in third grade across all disability categories. LM status, teacher ratings of language and literacy skills, and reading proficiency level were significant predictors of placement in special education. Kindergarten teacher ratings of language and literacy skills were highly predictive of subsequent placement in special education. The implications for developing a model of early identification, the response-to-intervention model in particular, for LM learners at risk for academic difficulties are discussed. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1; Kindergarten; Primary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Cited: ED558163