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ERIC Number: EJ830426
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Treatment of Elopement in Individuals with Developmental Disabilities: A Systematic Review
Lang, Russell; Rispoli, Mandy; Machalicek, Wendy; White, Pamela J.; Kang, Soyeon; Pierce, Nigel; Mulloy, Austin; Fragale, Tina; O'Reilly, Mark; Sigafoos, Jeff; Lancioni, Giulio
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v30 n4 p670-681 Jul-Aug 2009
We reviewed studies involving the treatment of elopement in individuals with developmental disabilities. Systematic searches of three electronic databases, journals, and reference lists identified 10 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. These studies were evaluated in terms of: (a) participants, (b) procedures used to assess elopement, (c) intervention procedures, (d) results of the intervention, and (e) certainty of evidence. Across the 10 studies, intervention was provided to a total of 53 participants aged 3-47 years. Assessment procedures included anecdotal staff reports, participant interviews, direct observation, and modified analog functional analysis. Intervention approaches included differential reinforcement, extinction, functional communication training, response blocking, non-contingent reinforcement, shaping, and scheduled exercise. Positive outcomes were reported in 80% of the reviewed studies. The evidence base suggests that function-based assessment (e.g. functional analysis procedures) and function-based treatments (e.g. functional communication training) may be most effective in the treatment of elopement in this population. Directions for future research are offered. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A