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ERIC Number: EJ829690
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 29
ISSN: ISSN-0031-7217
Upper Elementary Grades Bear the Brunt of Accountability
Anderson, Lorin W.
Phi Delta Kappan, v90 n6 p413-418 Feb 2009
Upper elementary teachers won't be surprised to learn that in every state, students enrolled in grades 3 through 8 bear the brunt of educational accountability. All states test all students at these grade levels in English/language arts and mathematics. Furthermore, an increasing number of states are testing students at selected elementary and middle school grade levels in science and, to a lesser extent, in social studies. Although all states test high school students, testing is done less uniformly; states vary on the grades and subjects tested. Finally, only six states test students at grade levels lower than grade 3 (California, Delaware, Georgia, Idaho, Iowa, Mississippi). Although the burden of educational accountability in the United States rests with children ages 8 through 12, not much research has evaluated the impact of educational accountability on schools, teachers, and students. Educators claim that accountability forces them to narrow the curriculum. In this article, the author illustrates that a comparison of teachers' schedules before and after NCLB shows little has changed. (Contains 1 table.)
Phi Delta Kappa International. 408 North Union Street, P.O. Box 789, Bloomington, IN 47402-1789. Tel: 800-766-1156; Fax: 812-339-0018; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001