ERIC Number: EJ829234
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 57
Continuity and Change in Early School Engagement: Predictive of Children's Achievement Trajectories from First to Eighth Grade?
Ladd, Gary W.; Dinella, Lisa M.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v101 n1 p190-206 Feb 2009
Premises about the effects of early engagement on achievement were investigated with 383 children who were followed from ages 5.5 to 13.5. Change and continuity in behavioral (cooperative-resistant classroom participation) and emotional (school liking-avoidance) engagement were assessed during Grades 1-3 and were examined within variable- and person-oriented analyses as antecedents of scholastic progress from Grades 1 to 8. Findings corroborated the premises that change as well as continuity in early school engagement is predictive of children's long-term scholastic growth. Compared to children who participated cooperatively in classrooms, those who became increasingly resistant across the primary grades displayed lesser scholastic growth. Among children who manifested enduring engagement patterns, those who exhibited a combination of higher behavioral and emotional engagement across the primary grades made greater academic progress than those who displayed lower levels of these two forms of engagement. Overall, the results of this investigation were consistent with the school engagement hypothesis and extend what is known about the predictive contributions of early school engagement to children's achievement. (Contains 5 figures and 5 tables.)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Student Participation, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Achievement Gains, Cooperation, Student Behavior, Student Characteristics, Longitudinal Studies, Resistance (Psychology), Questionnaires, Gender Differences, Age Differences, School Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Attitude Measures, Predictor Variables, Models
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Wide Range Achievement Test