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ERIC Number: EJ829101
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Aug
Pages: 3
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 11
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Construction of a Polyaniline Nanofiber Gas Sensor
Virji, Shabnam; Weiller, Bruce H.; Huang, Jiaxing; Blair, Richard; Shepherd, Heather; Faltens, Tanya; Haussmann, Philip C.; Kaner, Richard B.; Tolbert, Sarah H.
Journal of Chemical Education, v85 n8 p1102-1104 Aug 2008
The electrical properties of polyaniline changes by orders of magnitude upon exposure to analytes such as acids or bases, making it a useful material for detection of these analytes in the gas phase. The objectives of this lab are to synthesize different diameter polyaniline nanofibers and compare them as sensor materials. In this experiment polyaniline nanofibers are synthesized using a two-phase interfacial polymerization method that yields nanofibers with relatively narrow diameter distributions centered around 30, 50, and 120 nm. The sensors are then fabricated by drop-casting aqueous dispersions of nanofibers onto electrode arrays to form films and measuring their change in resistance upon exposure to acids or bases. The sensor response is dependent on the surface area, diameter, and porosity of the nanofiber films. The larger diameter nanofibers have slower response times because of the difficulty for gas to diffuse through more material. The advantages to this lab include simplicity and low cost, making it suitable for both high school and college students, particularly in departments with modest means. (Contains 1 scheme and 1 figure.)
Division of Chemical Education of the American Chemical Society. Subscription Department, P.O. Box 1267, Bellmawr, NJ 08099-1267. Tel: 800-691-9846; Tel: 856-931-5825; Fax: 856-931-4115; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A