NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: EJ828999
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
ISSN: ISSN-0749-4025
Immediacy Scale Represents Four Factors: Nonverbal and Verbal Components Predict Student Outcomes
Wilson, Janie H.; Locker, Lawrence, Jr.
Journal of Classroom Interaction, v42 n2 p4-10 2007-2008
Immediacy communicates psychological availability and warmth. In the classroom, instructor immediacy is traditionally measured with ratings of nonverbal and verbal behaviors. Although nonverbal immediacy has been accepted as a legitimate measure of immediacy, the validity of verbal items has been questioned. In the present study, we examined face and construct validity of the verbal immediacy scale. Based on factor analysis and prediction of student outcomes, we concluded that both verbal and nonverbal items offer valid measures of immediacy. However, we recommend a new iteration of the immediacy scale, omitting some items and focusing on those most strongly related to immediacy. (Contains 3 tables.)
University of Houston, College of Education. 442 Farish Hall, Houston, TX 77204-5026. Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A