ERIC Number: EJ828819
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Objective Sleep Measurement in Typically and Atypically Developing Preschool Children with ADHD-Like Profiles
Goodlin-Jones, Beth L.; Waters, Sara; Anders, Thomas F.
Child Psychiatry and Human Development, v40 n2 p257-268 Jun 2009
Objective: This study investigated the association between preschool children's sleep patterns measured by actigraphy and parent-reported hyperactivity symptoms. Many previous studies have reported sleep problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-like symptoms. Methods: This study examined a cross-sectional sample of 186 preschoolers age 2-5 years in three groups: children with autism, children with developmental delay without autism, and typically developing children recruited from the general population. One week of actigraphic sleep data plus a parent report of the presence or absence of a current sleep problem were collected. Parents completed the child behavior checklist; a subset of children in preschool had teachers who completed the caregiver-teacher report form. Sleep behavior was compared for those children with and without clinical levels of attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms (T scores greater than or equal to 65). Results: The prevalence of a parent-defined sleep problem across the entire sample was 36.1%. Thirty-four percent of the sample had a parent-reported ADHD composite in the clinical range. Those children with a clinical ADHD profile were more likely to be described by parents as having a sleep problem. However, no significant differences in actigraphic sleep patterns or night-to-night sleep-wake variability were found for children with an ADHD profile in the clinical range. Conclusions: In this non-clinical sample of preschool age children, parental reports of clinical ADHD profiles were significantly associated with parental reports of sleep problems but not with actigraphically recorded sleep-wake data.
Descriptors: Check Lists, Autism, Hyperactivity, Sleep, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Preschool Children, Child Behavior, Parents, Profiles, Developmental Delays, Behavior Problems, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Teacher Attitudes, Parent Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Child Behavior Checklist