ERIC Number: EJ828819
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Objective Sleep Measurement in Typically and Atypically Developing Preschool Children with ADHD-Like Profiles
Goodlin-Jones, Beth L.; Waters, Sara; Anders, Thomas F.
Child Psychiatry and Human Development, v40 n2 p257-268 Jun 2009
Objective: This study investigated the association between preschool children's sleep patterns measured by actigraphy and parent-reported hyperactivity symptoms. Many previous studies have reported sleep problems in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-like symptoms. Methods: This study examined a cross-sectional sample of 186 preschoolers age 2-5 years in three groups: children with autism, children with developmental delay without autism, and typically developing children recruited from the general population. One week of actigraphic sleep data plus a parent report of the presence or absence of a current sleep problem were collected. Parents completed the child behavior checklist; a subset of children in preschool had teachers who completed the caregiver-teacher report form. Sleep behavior was compared for those children with and without clinical levels of attention-deficit/hyperactivity symptoms (T scores greater than or equal to 65). Results: The prevalence of a parent-defined sleep problem across the entire sample was 36.1%. Thirty-four percent of the sample had a parent-reported ADHD composite in the clinical range. Those children with a clinical ADHD profile were more likely to be described by parents as having a sleep problem. However, no significant differences in actigraphic sleep patterns or night-to-night sleep-wake variability were found for children with an ADHD profile in the clinical range. Conclusions: In this non-clinical sample of preschool age children, parental reports of clinical ADHD profiles were significantly associated with parental reports of sleep problems but not with actigraphically recorded sleep-wake data.
Descriptors: Check Lists, Autism, Hyperactivity, Sleep, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Preschool Children, Child Behavior, Parents, Profiles, Developmental Delays, Behavior Problems, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Teacher Attitudes, Parent Attitudes
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Child Behavior Checklist