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ERIC Number: EJ828548
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0001-8449
Community Violence and Psychological Distress: The Protective Effects of Emotional Social Support and Sense of Personal Control among Older Adolescents
Rosenthal, Beth Spenciner; Wilson, W. Cody
Adolescence (San Diego): an international quarterly devoted to the physiological, psychological, psychiatric, sociological, and educational aspects of the second decade of human life, v43 n172 p693 Win 2008
This empirical study investigated three mechanisms of protection (preventive, compensatory, buffering) for two factors (emotional social support, sense of personal control) in the relationship between exposure to community violence and psychological distress among 947 diverse, older adolescents. Findings indicate that social support and sense of personal control do provide protection; however, the primary mechanism is compensatory (for support r = -0.35; for control, r = -0.48). Support but not control serves a preventive function (r = -0.11). Neither variable protects via buffering--the mechanisms most commonly discussed in the literature. Protection is not a simple straightforward process.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York