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ERIC Number: EJ828154
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-1354-0602
Learning to Teach: Enhancing Pre-Service Teachers' Awareness of the Complexity of Teaching-Learning Processes
Eilam, Billie; Poyas, Yael
Teachers and Teaching: Theory and Practice, v15 n1 p87-107 Feb 2009
Why is it so challenging to provide pre-service teachers with adequate competence to cope with the complexity of the classroom context? Three key difficulties are frequently reported as reducing the effectiveness of teacher education programs: the construction of an integrated body of knowledge about teaching, the application of theories to practice, and the development of a cognitive lens for analyzing teaching-learning processes. To deal with these problems, we designed one semester-long intervention course for pre-service teachers, based on an Internet site, including video-recorded authentic classroom literature teaching situations, transcripts of these lessons, interviews with school teachers and various experts in the field, and diverse tasks. The pre-service teachers analyzed the episodes in depth, performed the required tasks, and participated in group and whole-class discussions. The data comprised pre- and post-analyses of an episode and mid-semester tasks, carried out by the pre-service teachers. We describe the context and the course procedure and discuss them in light of relevant pedagogies. A fine-grain analysis of the data revealed the pre-service teachers' learning processes as they unfolded along the course: growing awareness of the complexity of classroom teaching, ability to base the analysis of the episodes on theories, and the initial construction of a cognitive lens to view classroom processes holistically. This was manifested in a shift from using lay theories to relating to academic theories, from the application of few concepts and theories while interpreting situations to the application of many relevant ones, from reporting discrete items and activities to reports based on a holistic, situated view, and from descriptions composed of non-cognitive, behavior-related statements to descriptions based on a cognitive view of classroom occurrences. The study has important implications for teacher education. (Contains 5 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Israel