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ERIC Number: EJ828066
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Feb
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 53
ISSN: ISSN-1524-8372
Why Else Does Jenny Run? Young Children's Extended Psychological Explanations
Bartsch, Karen; Campbell, Michelle D.; Troseth, Georgene L.
Journal of Cognition and Development, v8 n1 p33-61 Feb 2007
A method for eliciting extended explanations was used to evaluate predictions from the "theory-theory" account of developing psychological reasoning. Children were repeatedly asked to explain the actions or emotions of story characters with false beliefs. Questioning elicited false belief attributions in half of 3-year-olds (Study 1, N = 16, age M = 3;6) and most 4-year-olds who failed belief prediction tasks (Study 2, N = 30, M = 4;5). In Study 3, 30 prediction failers (M = 5;1) gave significantly more false belief explanations for emotions than for actions. Across the studies, desire and emotion explanations emerged early and often, reflecting the primacy of these constructs in the children's understanding of psychological causality. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for developmental mechanism. (Contains 3 tables.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A