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ERIC Number: EJ828062
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Apr
Pages: 24
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1524-8372
The Blicket Within: Preschoolers' Inferences about Insides and Causes
Sobel, David M.; Yoachim, Caroline M.; Gopnik, Alison; Meltzoff, Andrew N.; Blumenthal, Emily J.
Journal of Cognition and Development, v8 n2 p159-182 Apr 2007
Four experiments examined children's inferences about the relation between objects' internal parts and their causal properties. In Experiment 1, 4-year-olds recognized that objects with different internal parts had different causal properties, and those causal properties transferred if the internal part moved to another object. In Experiment 2, 4-year-olds made inferences from an object's internal parts to its causal properties without being given verbal labels for objects or being shown that insides and causal properties covaried. Experiment 3 found that 4-year-olds chose an object with the same internal part over one with the same external property when asked which object had the same causal property as the target (which had both the internal part and external property). Finally, Experiment 4 demonstrated that 4-year-olds made similar inferences from causal properties to internal parts, but 3-year-olds relied more on objects' external perceptual appearance. These results suggest that by the age of 4, children have developed an understanding of a relation between an artifact's internal parts and its causal properties. (Contains 2 figures, 1 table, and 1 footnote.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A