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ERIC Number: EJ828056
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Feb
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
ISSN: ISSN-1524-8372
Looks Aren't Everything: 24-Month-Olds' Willingness to Accept Unexpected Labels
Jaswal, Vikram K.; Markman, Ellen M.
Journal of Cognition and Development, v8 n1 p93-111 Feb 2007
A label can efficiently convey nonobvious information about category membership, but this information can sometimes conflict with one's own expectations. Two studies explored whether 24-month-olds (N = 56) would be willing to accept a category label indicating that an animal (Study 1) or artifact (Study 2) that looked like a member of one familiar category was actually a member of a different familiar category. Results showed that children were receptive to these unexpected labels and used them as the basis for inference. These findings indicate that linguistic information can lead even toddlers to "disbelieve their eyes." (Contains 4 tables and 2 figures.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A