ERIC Number: EJ828008
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 67
What Is the Goal of Head Start? Four Decades of Confusion and Debate
Zigler, Edward; Gordic, Bonnie; Styfco, Sally J.
NHSA Dialog, v10 n2 p83-97 Aug 2007
This article provides a brief history of interpretations of Head Start's objectives over the last 4 decades. We begin with the founding goal of helping children prepare for school and the later misguided adaptation of increases in IQ scores as an indicator of children's readiness. We then discuss Head Start's more contemporary objectives, social competence and school readiness, and discuss the relation between these two constructs. Only by defining at the outset what Head Start is striving for will we be able to judge objectively if the program has succeeded and create social policies that facilitate its effectiveness.
Descriptors: School Readiness, Disadvantaged Youth, Early Intervention, Interpersonal Competence, Social Development, At Risk Students, Family Programs, Child Welfare, Access to Health Care, Access to Education, Cognitive Development, Physical Health, Mental Health, Language Skills, Intelligence Quotient
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A