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ERIC Number: EJ827968
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jan
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 20
ISSN: ISSN-0143-0807
Musician's and Physicist's View on Tuning Keyboard Instruments
Lubenow, Martin; Meyn, Jan-Peter
European Journal of Physics, v28 n1 p23-35 Jan 2007
The simultaneous sound of several voices or instruments requires proper tuning to achieve consonance for certain intervals and chords. Most instruments allow enough frequency variation to enable pure tuning while being played. Keyboard instruments such as organ and piano have given frequencies for individual notes and the tuning must be based on a compromise. The equal temperament is not the only solution, but a special choice. Unequal temperaments produce better results in many cases, because important major thirds and triads are improved. Equal temperament was not propagated by Johann Sebastian Bach, as is often stated in introductory literature on this topic. (Contains 1 table, 9 figures, and 4 footnotes.)
Institute of Physics Publishing. The Public Ledger Building Suite 929, 150 South Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 215-627-0880; Fax: 215-627-0879; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A