ERIC Number: EJ827767
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 61
How Do Opportunities to View Objects Together in Time Influence Children's Memory for Location?
Recker, Kara M.; Plumert, Jodie M.
Journal of Cognition and Development, v9 n4 p434-460 Oct 2008
We conducted three experiments to investigate how opportunities to view objects together in time influence memory for location. Children and adults learned the locations of 20 objects marked by dots on the floor of an open, square box. During learning, participants viewed the objects either simultaneously or in isolation. At test, participants replaced the objects without the aid of the dots. Experiment 1 showed that when the box was divided into quadrants and the objects in each quadrant were categorically related, 7-, 9-, and 11-year-olds and adults in the simultaneous viewing condition exhibited categorical bias, but only 11-year-olds and adults in the isolated viewing condition exhibited categorical bias. Experiment 2 showed that when the objects were categorically related but no boundaries were present, 11-year-olds and adults in the simultaneous viewing condition exhibited categorical bias, but only adults showed bias in the isolated viewing condition. Experiment 3 revealed that adults exhibited bias in both simultaneous and isolated viewing conditions when boundaries were present but the objects were not related. These findings suggest that opportunities to see objects together in time interact with cues available for grouping objects to help children form spatial groups. (Contains 3 figures.)
Descriptors: Cues, Memory, Children, Adults, Age Differences, Spatial Ability, Time Perspective, Geographic Location, Cluster Grouping, Geometric Concepts
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education; Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A