ERIC Number: EJ827744
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Decoding Representations: How Children with Autism Understand Drawings
Allen, Melissa L.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v39 n3 p539-543 Mar 2009
Young typically developing children can reason about abstract depictions if they know the intention of the artist. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), who are notably impaired in social, "intention monitoring" domains, may have great difficulty in decoding vague representations. In Experiment 1, children with ASD are unable to use another person's eye gaze as a cue for figuring out what an abstract picture represents. In contrast, when the participants themselves are the artists (Experiment 2), children with ASD are equally proficient as controls at identifying their own perceptually identical pictures (e.g. lollipop and balloon) after a delay, based upon what they "intended" them to be. Results are discussed in terms of intention and understanding of visual representation in autism.
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Coding, Intention, Comprehension, Visual Aids, Childrens Art, Experiments
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A