ERIC Number: EJ827595
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
Social and Environmental Factors Associated with Preschoolers' Nonsedentary Physical Activity
Brown, William H.; Pfeiffer, Karin A.; McIver, Kerry L.; Dowda, Marsha; Addy, Cheryl L.; Pate, Russell R.
Child Development, v80 n1 p45-58 Jan-Feb 2009
The twofold purposes of the investigation were (a) to describe with direct observation data the physical activity behaviors and the accompanying social and environmental events of those behaviors for children in preschools and (b) to determine which contextual conditions were predictors of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and nonsedentary physical activity (i.e., light activity + MVPA) for 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children during their outdoor play. The results indicate that preschoolers' physical activity is characterized as sedentary in nature throughout their preschool day (i.e., 89% sedentary, 8% light activity, and 3% MVPA). During outdoor play periods, when children are most likely to be physically active, some contextual and social circumstances better predict their physical activity. Implications for policy makers, practitioners, and researchers are discussed.
Descriptors: Play, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Preschool Children, Life Style, Social Influences, Environmental Influences, Observation, Context Effect, Predictor Variables, Recess Breaks, Child Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A