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ERIC Number: EJ827097
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 69
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
Processing Reduced Word-Forms in Speech Perception Using Probabilistic Knowledge about Speech Production
Mitterer, Holger; McQueen, James M.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v35 n1 p244-263 Feb 2009
Two experiments examined how Dutch listeners deal with the effects of connected-speech processes, specifically those arising from word-final /t/ reduction (e.g., whether Dutch [tas] is "tas," bag, or a reduced-/t/ version of "tast," touch). Eye movements of Dutch participants were tracked as they looked at arrays containing 4 printed words, each associated with a geometrical shape. Minimal pairs (e.g., "tas"/"tast") were either both above ("boven") or both next to ("naast") different shapes. Spoken instructions (e.g., "Klik op het woordje tas boven de ster," [Click on the word "bag" above the star]) thus became unambiguous only on their final words. Prior to disambiguation, listeners' fixations were drawn to /t/-final words more when "boven" than when "naast" followed the ambiguous sequences. This behavior reflects Dutch speech-production data: /t/ is reduced more before /b/ than before /n/. We thus argue that probabilistic knowledge about the effect of following context in speech production is used prelexically in perception to help resolve lexical ambiguities caused by continuous-speech processes. (Contains 1 footnote, 2 tables, and 12 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands