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ERIC Number: EJ827095
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0096-1523
Gaze Perception Requires Focused Attention: Evidence from an Interference Task
Burton, A. Mike; Bindemann, Markus; Langton, Stephen R. H.; Schweinberger, Stefan R.; Jenkins, Rob
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, v35 n1 p108-118 Feb 2009
The direction of another person's gaze is difficult to ignore when presented at the center of attention. In 6 experiments, perception of unattended gaze was investigated. Participants made directional (left-right) judgments to gazing-face or pointing-hand targets, which were accompanied by a distractor face or hand. Processing of the distractor was assessed via congruency effects on target response times. Congruency effects were found from the direction of distractor hands but not from the direction of distractor gazes (Experiment 1). This pattern persisted even when distractor sizes were increased to compensate for their peripheral presentation (Experiments 2 and 5). In contrast, congruency effects were exerted by profile heads (Experiments 3 and 4). In Experiment 6, isolated eye region distractors produced no congruency effects, even when they were presented near the target. These results suggest that, unlike other facial information, gaze direction cannot be perceived outside the focus of attention. (Contains 1 footnote, 6 tables and 3 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Glasgow)