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ERIC Number: EJ826962
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 17
ISSN: ISSN-1555-7855
Treatment of Chronic Breath-Holding in an Adult with Severe Mental Retardation: A Clinical Case Study
Reed, Derek D.; Martens, Brian K.
International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, v4 n3 p251-258 2008
We describe a clinical case study surrounding the behavioral assessment and operant treatment of, an adult with severe mental retardation who engaged in chronic breath-holding. In this clinical case, previous neurological and medical testing had ruled out biological bases for the individual's breath-holding. A functional behavioral assessment suggested that breath-holding was likely maintained by contingent staff attention. Treatment analysis consisted of the following conditions: baseline, physical redirection, fixed-time schedule of attention, differential reinforcement of other behavior, and a treatment package. Ultimately, a treatment package consisting of physical redirection and differential reinforcement of other behavior was found to be the most viable treatment option, reducing rates of breath-holding by 50%. (Contains 3 figures.)
Joseph Cautilli, Ph.D. & The Behavior Analyst Online Organization. 535 Queen Street, Philadelphia, PA 19147-3220. Tel: 215-462-6737; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A