ERIC Number: EJ826747
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Respiratory Movement Patterns during Vocalizations at 7 and 11 Months of Age
Reilly, Kevin J.; Moore, Christopher A.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v52 n1 p223-239 Feb 2009
Purpose: The present investigation was designed to study the modulation of abdomen and rib cage movements during vocalization over a period of development associated with rapid decreases in the compliance of the chest wall. Method: Rib cage and abdominal kinematics were recorded during spontaneous vocalizations in 7- and 11-month old infants. Principal component analysis was used to represent each infant's abdomen and rib cage traces as the weighted sum of a small number of principal component (PC) waveforms. Results: The fundamental periods of infants' PC waveforms in the 11-month group were significantly shorter than those in the 7-month group. In addition, the variance contributed by PCs describing unidirectional patterns of respiratory movement decreased in the 11-month group, whereas the variances contributed by PCs describing modulated patterns of movement increased. Lastly, the extent to which abdomen and rib cage movements predicted the duration of corresponding vocalizations also increased significantly in the 11-month group compared with the 7-month group. Conclusions: The findings of the present study were consistent with the hypothesis that decreases in the compliance of the chest wall result in more rapid modulation of chest wall movements and greater control of those movements by the developing neuromuscular system.
Descriptors: Infants, Physiology, Motor Reactions, Speech, Motor Development, Comparative Analysis, Age Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A