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ERIC Number: EJ826688
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jan
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 53
ISSN: ISSN-1070-5511
Small-Sample Robust Estimators of Noncentrality-Based and Incremental Model Fit
Herzog, Walter; Boomsma, Anne
Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v16 n1 p1-27 Jan 2009
Traditional estimators of fit measures based on the noncentral chi-square distribution (root mean square error of approximation [RMSEA], Steiger's [gamma], etc.) tend to overreject acceptable models when the sample size is small. To handle this problem, it is proposed to employ Bartlett's (1950), Yuan's (2005), or Swain's (1975) correction of the maximum likelihood chi-square statistic for the estimation of noncentrality-based fit measures. In a Monte Carlo study, it is shown that Swain's correction especially produces reliable estimates and confidence intervals for different degrees of model misspecification (RMSEA range: 0.000-0.096) and sample sizes (50, 75, 100, 150, 200). In the second part of the article, the study is extended to incremental fit indexes (Tucker-Lewis Index, Comparative Fit Index, etc.). For their small-sample robust estimation, use of Swain's correction is recommended only for the target model, not for the independence model. The Swain-corrected estimators only require a ratio of sample size to estimated parameters of about 2:1 (sometimes even less) and are thus strongly recommended for applied research. R software is provided for convenient use. (Contains 1 figure and 9 tables.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A