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ERIC Number: EJ826540
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1389-2843
Undermining Critical Consciousness Unconsciously: Restoring Hope in the Multicultural Education Idea
Gatimu, M. Wangeci
Journal of Educational Change, v10 n1 p47-61 Feb 2009
The main goal of multicultural education is to transform the structural factors in the educational system in order to redress inequalities and inequities for historically underprivileged populations (Banks "1997"). This article addresses theories and practices that frame multicultural education in teaching and learning contexts. How do teachers interpret the purpose of multicultural education? I suggest that educators are more likely to interpret multicultural education using the functionalist meta-theoretical framework (Burell and Morgan "1979") and the positivistic epistemology (Turner "2006"). Ironically this kind of interpretation subverts the original goals of multicultural education as a transformative movement. The process of transforming curriculum and instruction in learning contexts encounters what I would call a "double jeopardy." On one hand, curriculum processes run into political impediments that are often pervasive, complex, and invisible, whereas on the other hand they encounter a positivistic epistemology that reduces complex phenomena to simplistic, neutral, objective, and universal standards. I make a case for a radical humanist paradigm that privileges the investigation of social and political relations of power and places critical consciousness at the center of educational structures and pedagogy. I attempt to make critical consciousness visible and to show how it can be employed to change schooling opportunities and the lives of those who fall in the "Other" category of social theory.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A