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ERIC Number: EJ826480
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 15
ISSN: ISSN-0013-175X
Developing the Sixth Sense: Play
Baines, Lawrence A.; Slutsky, Ruslan
Educational Horizons, v87 n2 p97-101 Win 2009
Traditional ways of teaching--working from a textbook, designing quizzes, and assigning seat work--are predicated on the idea of students' ability and desire to self-regulate. However, these sedentary techniques are ineffective with unmotivated students and poor readers. Teachers commonly invoke fear of failure in an attempt to engage students in the activity at hand. "This will be on the test!" has become a modern-day mantra. But such an appeal does not work with students who do not fear failing grades. Student apathy is one reason "traditional" approaches to teaching have yielded such mediocre results in recent years, at least according to national and international benchmarks. The OECD (Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development) conducted an exhaustive study of achievement in the K-12 schools of thirty countries and found no correlation between the amount of homework and student achievement levels. Similarly, no correlation has been found between achievement and high-stakes testing, measured by various international and national exams (Baker and LeTendre 2005). The relentless emphasis on test scores in K-12 schools has resulted in an erosion of play and an active skepticism about fun, even among the youngest children. Play, an essential component of healthy human development, has been shown to affect creativity, cooperation, openness, and intelligence positively. When a teacher turns learning into play, students no longer need to be coerced: they are intrinsically motivated to participate and they become eager to engage in the activity again in the future. In this article, the authors discuss the importance of developing and amalgamating play to learning to direct the focus and energy of students toward academic goals.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A