ERIC Number: EJ826368
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Personal Reflections on Observational and Experimental Research Approaches to Childhood Psychopathology
Rapoport, Judith L.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v50 n1-2 p36-43 Jan-Feb 2009
The past 50 years have seen dramatic changes in childhood psychopathology research. The goal of this overview is to contrast observational and experimental research approaches; both have grown more complex such that the boundary between these approaches may be blurred. Both are essential. Landmark observational studies with long-term follow-up (Robins, 1966; Yarrow, Campbell, & Burton, 1970) have had--and continue to have--unique impact on clinical research and practice. Epidemiological studies showed high rates of psychological disorder and their close tie to neurological impairment (Rutter, Tizard, & Whitemore, 1970). These studies have current impact with respect to brain imaging correlates of clinical outcome. Pharmacological studies, particularly those on stimulants and on treatment of pediatric obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), have propelled experimental methodology and inspired translational approaches. Predicted future trends are: more informed subgrouping of our heterogeneous phenotypes, reliance on multicenter trials, and documentation of non-conventional methods of care delivery.
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Research Methodology, Psychopathology, Neurology, Children, Brain, Diagnostic Tests, Comparative Analysis, Epidemiology, Correlation, Drug Therapy, Stimulants, Genetics, Mental Disorders, Therapy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
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