ERIC Number: EJ826335
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Phonology, Decoding, and Lexical Compensation in Vowel Spelling Errors Made by Children with Dyslexia
Bernstein, Stuart E.
Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v22 n3 p307-331 Mar 2009
A descriptive study of vowel spelling errors made by children first diagnosed with dyslexia (n = 79) revealed that phonological errors, such as "bet" for "bat", outnumbered orthographic errors, such as "bate" for "bait". These errors were more frequent in nonwords than words, suggesting that lexical context helps with vowel spelling. In a second study, children with dyslexia (n = 14) performed identically to ability matched normally developing but younger children in a task that measured the ability to identify a spoken target vowel among similarly articulated items. These findings suggest that the high incidence of vowel substitution errors seen in descriptive studies of spelling do indicate difficulty in phoneme perception for dyslexic spellers but difficulty is appropriate for their level of literacy development but not for their age or grade in school.
Descriptors: Spelling, Vowels, Phonology, Dyslexia, Literacy, Decoding (Reading), Children, Error Patterns, Task Analysis, Phonemes, Age, Instructional Program Divisions
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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